Calibration Target Printing

Calibration Patterns

We now offer custom calibration targets on Dibond with an Anti-Reflective surface "flood white" print option for a true matte finish, making them more easily detected in your computer vision pipeline.

  • 0.125
in
x
in
  • Flood White $40.48
  • 1/2" All Corners $2.00
  • 1/4" All Corners $2.00
  • 3/8" All Corners $2.00
  • Special $20.24
OpenCV Basics | Camera Calibration Part 1

OpenCV 101 - The Basics, learn everything you need to know in 45 mins (Part 1).


Calibration Camera Patterns

Are you looking to pre-calibrate your camera with a custom calibration target to be as accurate as possible? Our custom calibration targets are printed directly onto a rigid on premium 1/8 inch Dibond, making them the perfect calibration boards to calibrate cameras.

Direct to substrate printing at 1000 dpi with anti-reflective surface "flood white" authentic matte finish allows for easy detection in your computer vision pipeline because of its optical performance and physical robustness.

Dibond Material

Dibond Features

Dibond signage has forever been an industry standard for indoor and outdoor business signs. The material is water, weather, warp resistant and rust proof. It's ultra flat and rigid structure makes Dibond the perfect material for calibration targets.

  • Light weight
  • Ultra flat surface
  • Anti-reflective surface (flood white finish) pitch black on pure white
  • Rigid and sturdy
  • Water, weather & rust proof

Technical Specifications

  • Material Thickness: .125"
  • Panel Type: Aluminium Composite Panel
  • Temperature Range: from -50°C to +80°C
  • Fire Classification: CLASS P/0/1
  • Physical Weight: 0.78125 lbs per ft.²

Helpful Ordering Tips

  1. Order the exact sizes that match your file's artboards; use the keyboard to add decimals if needed.
  2. Upload your own custom files, vector PDF files are preferred for optimal print results.
  3. Full-scale files are required to avoid the files being scaled up or down to fit the original image on the board's order size. Need a PDF for print? Try out Calibration pattern generator online now!
  4. During the proofing process, always double-check and compare the file size to each board order size (Foamcoreprint.com is not responsible for artwork scaling if the incorrect board sizes are ordered and proofs are approved incorrectly).
  5. If you have questions about the artwork uploaded to an order; please call, email, or start a live chat before sending the art files to print. Production will begin within 10 mins of approval of artwork. Once production begins, we can not remove approved art files from the production line.

Calibration Patterns Explained

Given the importance of performing camera calibration in machine/computer vision setups, you need to identify calibration patterns that best suit your aplication.

Pattern selection begins with the determination of the algorithm and implementation you are going to employ. Libraries like OpenCV, MVTec Halcon, or libCalib and software like Calib Camera Calibrator have some freedom regarding patterns.

Each calibration camera pattern comes with benefits and downsides, as discussed below.

The Size of a Calibration Pattern

The purpose of selecting a proper size relating to the FOV (field of view) measurements of your final application is to ensure your camera gets focused on that particular distance while being calibrated.

A slight focus adjustment translates to the focal length and devalues a previous calibration. Typically, aperture alterations negatively impact the accuracy of the calibration.

Calibration camera patterns need to occupy most of the image for accurate camera calibration. As a general principle, your calibration camera pattern should occupy half of the pixel in a frontal observation.

Types of Camera Calibration Patterns

Below are the different calibrating patterns to pick from:

Checkerboard Pattern

chessboard pattern opencv

Binarization of the camera's image followed by locating the black chessboard fields (quadrilaterals) allows the finding of chessboard corner candidates. A filtering step keeps only quads of a particular size. These get organized in a structured grid with dimensions akin to user specifications.

Corners (saddle points) are typically tiny and unbiased under lens distortion parameters or perspective transformations. Hence, the determination of corner locations with high accuracy is possible after initial pattern detection.

The whole checkerboard should be present in multiple images for detection in OpenCV, making it difficult to get information from the extreme image edges.

Subpixel refinement can occur after the pattern detection to determine the corners with subpixel accuracy. This utilizes exact pixel gray values around a particular corner position for high accuracy.

For the rotation-invariance of checkerboards, rows should be even and columns odd or vice versa or 180-degree rotation ambiguity occurs. While single-camera calibration is okay with this, the ambiguity shouldn't exist when the cameras are more than one.

CharuCo Patterns

While their algorithm is a bit complex, CharuCo patterns overcome some shortcomings of traditional checkerboards. Nevertheless, they are easily detectable in OpenCV 3.x making it easier to use them.

CharuCo patterns have their identifiable and uniquely-coded checker field as their primary advantage allowing non-suitable and partly occluded images ideal for calibrating. For example, powerful ring lights can create non-uniform lighting on a calibration target, failing Checker Board detection. However, CharuCo patterns permit the use of the remaining saddle point detections to create high accuracy calibration.

Since we can position the pattern to be only partly visible to the camera, we can obtain information from the extreme corners of the camera image resulting in the adequate identification of lens distortion camera parameters.

charuco calibration opencv

Checkerboard Marker Patterns

They can employ the same detection algorithm as traditional checkerboard patterns. Their three circles at the middle permit absolute referencing even when the checkerboard is partially in view (provided the circles are within the view).

During multi-camera calibrations, the checkerboard marker pattern provides all the merits of a coded pattern, for instance, the CharuCo pattern.

Circle Grids

circle grids

In image processing, we can identify circles as "blobs" on an image plane. We can apply some conditions on binary blob regions like convexity, area, circularity, spacing, and more to eliminate bad feature candidates.

After identifying ideal candidates, the features' regular structure could also help in pattern determination and filtration. Since all pixels on the circle edges are usable in circle determination, image noise is much lower, resulting in more accuracy. However, unlike a checkerboard's saddle points, circles get pictured as ellipses in camera perspective. Image rectification accounts for this perspective.

Additionally, the unidentifiable lens distortion signifies the circles don't get imaged as perfect ellipses, resulting in a slight additional bias. Nevertheless, we can take the distortion model to be locally linear (abiding by homography/ perspective transformation). So, the error is negligible in most lenses.

The projected circle center and elliptical shape should get accounted for to ensure accurate calibration, especially when dealing with large circles and short focal length lenses. OpenCV accounts for neither and utilizes an uncomplicated blob detector to detect elliptical blob centroids. Calib Camera Calibrator accounts for both and produces more accurate results in this case.

A notable dissimilarity between asymmetric and symmetric circle grids is the presence of a 180-degree ambiguity in the latter. Therefore, asymmetric grids are suitable for stereo calibration. Otherwise, the performance difference between the two is minimal.

Conclusion

Depending on which advantages you are looking for, we believe it should be easy to measure an object's size in world units, determine a camera's location within a scene, or correct lens distortion.


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Frequently asked Questions

FAQ

The number of images points needed for camera lens calibration varies depending on the camera model type and the desired accuracy. For example, if you are using a Kinect 3D Scanner, you would need at least 10 markers to calibrate it.

The process of determining the geometric properties of a camera, such as focal length and lens distortion is called camera calibration. This information can be used to correct the distorted image captured by that camera.

The first step is to compare the camera lens calibration with ground truth data. The calibration process can be done by comparing a set of reference points in both images and determining their relative position. The second step is to measure the camera lens calibration accuracy by measuring distances between two known points, such as a distance from one side of an object to another point on that same object.

Yes, a camera lens calibration pattern does help calibrate a camera. A camera's lens can be calibrated by using the lines on this pattern to adjust for distortion and other optical errors that may have occurred during manufacturing or use.

Camera lens calibration is necessary when a camera's lens and the sensor are not aligned. This can lead to distortion in an image, such as skewing or stretching of the lines. Camera calibration software will help align the images from both cameras to overlap well and produce accurate 3D maps for self-driving cars.

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